Dating between 7500 B.C. and 6500 B.C.
Distribution: Very limited, having been found in Arkansas and Missouri only.
Comments: This Sociotechnic Hardin, is an early relative of the Scottsbluff, having comparable flaking, and resharpening process. It differs from the Hardin with the addition of an extra set of barbs. The double barbs allowed the maker to slide a hollow handle, presumably a small animal bone that was thick walled, and has a small diameter, onto the narrow stem. The smaller and lower set of barbs acted as a "stop" for the handle. It could then be tied together without the risk of damaging or breaking the primary, or larger set of barbs. This would have allowed for the full use of the lateral blade edge, as a knife, without the risk of the handle being torqued into one of the primary barbs and breaking it. Figure "B" in the illustration above, has been resharpened to the extent of being discarded, or having been used as a hafted scraper.
This point is one of only a few known authentic examples and is the type example featured in Mr. Grangers book on Early Archaic Typology.
Preform: Triangular with convex sides and a straight to slightly convex basal edge.
General Description: This is an extremely rare, large to medium size knife form that has a triangular blade with convex, straight or recurved edges. Much like the Scottsbluff point, all four faces were resharpened together, which resulted in the fine edge work, but did not create beveled edges. The stem ranges from short to long, and may be expanded. The basal may be straight, or convex. Stem edges are ground and stem corners may be sharp, rounded or "eared". Shoulders are prominently double barbed. The Largest examle known, "Figure A", is 4 5/16 inches.
Age & Culture: Early Archaic, expected to date in the 7,500 B.C. range.
This is the type example as named by Stephen Granger found by Tamra & Johnny Parnell, near Egypt, Arkansas.
*The above article was written and produced courtesy of Stephen Granger. It is used with express permission of Mr. Granger.
Tamra Point Example 2
A small well used Tamra point found in Stoddard Co Missouri. This was purchased in a small collection found years ago. I kept it as an oddity and just recently realized what it was.
Tamra Point Example 3
This point came from the Johnny Parnell Collection in Greene Co Arkansas.